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London City Churches, part 1

The City of London is officially only a square mile but it has at least 42 active churches, and many more that are partially open or semi-ruined. They’re an essential part of the history of London and its inhabitants and they’ve held their ground determinedly for centuries while city office blocks have risen up around them. At the time of the Great Fire of London in 1666 there were over a hundred churches, which at that time must have dominated the skyline. How different it is today! Although many were destroyed, there was also a great period of rebuilding after the fire and these seventeenth-century churches are absolute gems.

We’re fascinated by these churches and we’re not alone. The Friends of the City Churches began in 1994, although its roots go back to the post-war period when there was concern about repairs to bomb-damaged churches. Thanks to the Friends, many of the churches are open to visit during the week.

We’ve set ourselves the goal of visiting all the London City Churches, bit by bit, over the course of our days out to London. There is so much to see, and so much variation in architectural styles, furnishings, layout, interesting memorials and historical detail. Some churches we’ve already visited more than once: the glamorous, circular St Stephen’s Wallbrook – one of the first churches designed by Christopher Wren after the fire, the extraordinary perspective-bending ceiling of St Mary Aldermary, the vast medieval interior of London’s oldest church, St Bartholomew the Great, to name a few.

In this, my first post on the subject, I’m sharing some photos from previous days out – one in 2019 and another in August 2021.

St Margaret Pattens, Eastcheap

St Margaret Pattens
The 200-foot spire of St Margaret Pattens, tucked away in the shadow of the Fenchurch Building (or ‘walkie-talkie’)
St Margaret Pattens
Interior of St Margaret Pattens on Eastcheap. Although there was a church on this site since the 11th century, the church we see today was built by Sir Christopher Wren in 1687.
Interior of St Margaret Pattens
Interior of St Margaret Pattens

St Dunstan in the West, Fleet Street

St Dunstan in the West
St Dunstan in the West, on Fleet Street, dates from the 1830s although like St Margaret Pattens there was a church here going back to the 11th century.
St Dunstan in the West - icon
There’s some extraordinary decoration and iconography at St Dunstan in the West, and in fact the building is shared between the Anglican church and Romanian Orthodox Church in London.
St Dunstan in the West ceiling
St Dunstan in the West ceiling, showing its octagonal form.
Box pews in St Dunstan in the West
Despite the soft furnishings looking a little tired, the box pews are beautiful. (This was taken in 2019; the church is currently closed for refurbishment).

St Olave’s Hart Street

John Betjeman described St Olave’s as ‘a country church in the world of Seething Lane’ and no wonder – very few medieval churches survived unscathed after the war. Unlike the many smart, sometimes severe interiors of the 17th century churches, St Olave’s does indeed feel like one of the little village churches you wander into when out for a countryside walk.

Samuel Pepys was buried here, as was his wife, and the church has links to several of the City Livery Companies and organisations, including Trinity House, the charity of shipping and seafarers.

St Olave's Hart Street
Interior of St Olave’s Hart Street.
Pepys Memorial at St Olaves
The Pepys Memorial at St Olave’s
Model of the Light Vessel Smith's Knoll at St Olave's
A model of the Light Vessel Smith’s Knoll (St Olave’s has connections to Trinity House)

St Giles Cripplegate, Fore Street

St Giles Cripplegate
St Giles Cripplegate, located within the Barbican centre
An orchestral rehearsal in St Giles Cripplegate
On the day we visited St Giles Cripplegate there was an orchestral rehearsal in progress!

St Peter’s Cornhill

Another Grade 1 listed Wren church on a site that goes back to Roman times:


st peter-cornhill-nave
Interior of St Peter Cornhill

st peter-cornhill-window

st peter-cornhill-organ
The imposing organ gallery at St Peter Cornhill

St Bartholomews the Great

One of the most famous of London’s churches and claiming to be the oldest, St Bartholomews the Great has been used countless times as a scene for films, TV and pop videos from Four Weddings and Funeral to Transformers: The Last Knight.

The entrance is tucked away but once inside you can’t help but be impressed by the atmospheric interior. It’s a real wow. The church is also incredibly busy as a place of worship and a vibrant venue for many events. Recommended.

St Bartholomews the Great

st bartholomews the great


St Clement Danes, Strand

Not actually within the City of London, but I had to show this church as it’s one of London’s most famous and celebrated. Another Christopher Wren design, with a barrel-vaulted ceiling and gorgeous decoration. It’s been the church of the Royal Air Force since 1958.

St Clement Dane
The lovely monochrome flooring and fabulous ceiling of St Clement Danes
St Clement Danes
Striking black pews and gallery.

Other posts in this series:

London City Churches part 2

London City Churches part 3

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Published inChurchesLondonLondon City ChurchesWalks


  1. […] We stopped by to see St Peter’s Baroque and somewhat gloomy interior. It’s possible the organ never gets played now, but there’s still some nice stained glass. The church is in the parish of St Helen’s Bishopsgate, which may explain the furniture and piles of equipment about the place. We visited St Peter’s before and I blogged about it here. […]

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